2012年12月13日

TED (4): The world's English mania by Jay Walker



「世界の英語熱」ジェイ・ウォーカー
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Jay Walker “The world's English mania”

(1) Let’s talk about manias. Let’s start with Beatle mania: hysterical teenagers, crying, screaming, pandemonium. Sports mania: deafening crowds, all for one idea − get the ball in the net. Okay, religious mania: there’s rapture, there’s weeping, there’s visions. Manias can be good. Manias can be alarming. Or manias can be deadly.

mania (n):熱狂、愛着
cf. maniac (人):熱狂的愛好者
hysterical:ヒステリックな
pandemonium:大混乱
deafening:耳をつんざくような
 ⇒ (a) deaf:耳が不自由で
religious:宗教の
rapture:有頂天、歓喜
weep:泣く、涙を流す
vision:視覚;先見;展望
alarming:驚くべき
deadly:致死的な
 ≒ fatal, lethal

(2) The world has a new mania. A mania for learning English. Listen as Chinese students practice their English by screaming it.
“I will change my life.”
“I don’t want to let my parents down.”
“I don’t ever want to let my country down.”
“Most importantly, I don’t want to let myself down.”

let ~ down:〜をがっかりさせる

(3) How many people are trying to learn English worldwide? Two billion of them. In Latin America, in India, in Southeast Asia, and most of all in China. If you are a Chinese student you start learning English in the third grade, by law. That’s why this year China will become the world’s largest English-speaking country.

(4) Why English? In a single word: Opportunity. Opportunity for a better life, a job, to be able to pay for school, or put better food on the table. Imagine a student taking a giant test for three full days. Her score on this one test literally determines her future. She studies 12 hours a day for three years to prepare. 25 percent of her grade is based on English. It’s called the Gaokao(高考), and 80 million high school Chinese students have already taken this grueling test. The intensity to learn English is almost unimaginable, unless you witness it.

opportunity:機会
put food on the table:食べ物を食卓に並べる
literally:文字通り
determine:決定する
be based on ~:〜に基づいている
grueling:へとへとに疲れさせる
intensity:強烈さ、激しさ
 ⇒ (v) intensify
unimaginable:想像できない
unless S V:SがVしない限り
witness:目撃〔証言〕(する)

(5) So is English mania good or bad? Is English a tsunami, washing away other languages? Not likely. English is the world’s second language. Your native language is your life. But with English you can become part of a wider conversation: a global conversation about global problems, like climate change or poverty, or hunger or disease. The world has other universal languages. Mathematics is the language of science. Music is the language of emotions. And now English is becoming the language of problem-solving. Not because America is pushing it, but because the world is pulling it. So English mania is a turning point. Like the harnessing of electricity in our cities or the fall of the Berlin Wall, English represents hope for a better future − a future where the world has a common language to solve its common problems. Thank you very much.

wash away ~:〜を押し流す
not likely:そうでもない
global:地球規模の
climate change:気候変動
poverty:貧困  ← (a) poor
hunger:飢え ← (a) hungry
universal language:共通語
problem-solving:問題解決の
← solve a problem
not because A, but because B:
 Aの理由でなくBの理由で
turning point:転換点
harness:(n) 馬の馬具、(v) 利用する、役立てる
represent:代表する
common:@普通の A共通の

Thank you for listening till the end!

●TED 公式サイト
http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/ja/jay_walker_on_the_world_s_english_mania.html
● English Central
http://ja.englishcentral.com/video/10377/english-mania
● TEDのすゝめ
http://ameblo.jp/omg1287/entry-11171392075.html



【発行元】エクセル英語学院
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